Journal of Politics & Governance, Vol. 6, No. 2, June 2017
Understanding Ideology: Dimensions and Influences
Ideology is a key subject of inquiry for the scholars of political science, media studies, sociology, philosophy and other disciplines of Social Sciences. It is excessively used in interpretation, formulation and functioning of many states’ political systems. Yet, the literature on the concept of ideology seems wanting in content and analyses. Ideology has been ascribed as something that the ‘other’ nations are afflicted with. It was a concept that was associated with Germany and Italy during the Second World War and USSR in the Cold War in the last century. And it was also the reason why ideology had acquired much literature during these tumultuous times. But ideology as a concept needs scrutiny which is the aim of this paper. The paper argues that no state in the international system functions without the influence of some significant ideology, whether it is United States of America or Uganda. It also argues that all nations in the international system utilize and operate on some sort of ideology. It also attempts to differentiate between political, economic and moral ideologies. The paper goes on to capture the various aspects, features and dimensions of the term ideology.
Youth Participation in Zimbabwean Electoral Processes
Tobias Guzura, DonwellDubeand Peter Madziwanzira
Youth participation in Zimbabwe’s national elections has generally been characterized by violence and apathy. This has been a noticeable trend particularly in the post 2000 era. This paper provides an analysis of youth participation in electoral process as it exists in Zimbabwe. The paper discusses the level of youths’ knowledge about political processes, the extent to which the youth in Zimbabwe are involved in the electoral processes and the challenges faced by youths in Zimbabwe during and after elections. The paper is based on a qualitative study done in Makokoba constituency located in Bulawayo Metropolitan Province. The study which is part of a growing body of research of youth and electoral participation was informed by the Rationale Choice Theory propounded by William Riker in 1962.
Policy Issues on Women in Panchayats of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
The system of self-government in Indian villages was widely recognized, which was deeply characterized by agrarian economies. As George Mathew points out that there were historical evidences of village governance system until 600 B.C. as Mathew, G. points out, in terms of social connections with village bodies which took the form of Panchayats (an assembly of five persons) and which worked after affairs of the village. They had both police and judicial powers. Customs and religion elevated them to a sacred position of authority.Besides the village Panchayats, there were caste based associations which are prominent at grassroots. Caste based associations, further, ensures village Panchayats belonging to a particular caste adhered to its code of social conduct and ethics (Mathew, G. 2000).Such historical experiences with significant socially evolved governing characteristics of village Panchayats were greatly attracted subsequent undemocratic, democratic rulers and governments. This paper surveys the trends in this engagement in India during the last six and half decades, exploring the aspects and dimensions of the policy measures.
Rethinking India-Maldives Relations in the 21st Century
One of the littoral states of India is Maldives, located in the south western tip of the country. A small island country in South Asia, Maldives’s relations with India have been cordial and on numerous occasions India as a neighbouring country had assisted Maldives in its trajectory to economic development, welfare and security. However Maldives has strategic significance for India since it is situated in the middle of the Indian Ocean and several internal as well as external factors which are affecting Maldives has an adverse implications on India. Such as the political turmoil which happened from 2008 to 2012 and growing influence of China in the island nation and. The article sets to analyse the relationship between India and Maldives from 1968 onwards when Maldives became a republic till contemporary times with special emphasis on the changing foreign policy approaches of both the countries in the last decade. Also the article examines the concerns which India has for Maldives as neighbouring country.)
Digitization of Panchayats in India: The Road Ahead
Ketki Tara Kumaiyan and M Padalia
In a bid to reach the last mile man, PRI institutions have started to play an enlarged role in planning, identification and implementation of development programmes through the e-governance prototype called E-Panchayats. With Information and Communication Technologies making its foray in different realms of Government and Governance, the influence of the same has been vociferously felt by the grassroot Panchayats as well. This paper thus deliberates on how with the digitization of Panchayats not only the needs of the citizens are being met through the Government to Citizen Approach (G2C) judiciously but also a new chord of faith has been struck between the state and the citizens.